The original manuscript for the prelude includes the rubric "pour le luth" (for the lute), and the work can be performed on different types of lutes or keyboards including the lute harpsichord, and sounds well on all of these. On the lute, the performer can use dynamics to accentuate some of the contrapuntal lines, but the work is equally persuasive on the keyboard.
Pitch A=415; temperament: Neidhardt-Doodle
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Archlute by Andreas von Holst