In 2007, a little-known guitarist from a Los Angeles, California-based blues band released a CD titled “Cures What Ails Ya” . Among the songs was a tune called “Where Are the Girls with Guitars?” . That guitarist-the tune’s composer, Laurie Morvan-and her namesake band, seemed to be making a statement (or voicing a lament) posed by numerous female musicians for decades previous. Is, or was there, a literal dearth of female guitarists in contemporary music? If so, is it the result of discrimination, simple choice or other issues? This Discovery Guide discusses the significance of this concern, and introduces several female guitarists who are actively advocating for change.